How and What to Teat with Antibiotics. Penicillin Antibiotics: Penicillin, Ampicillin, Augmentin
This article is a small guide with explanations on how to use the most common Canadian antibiotics of penicillin group, which can be applied for both children and adults, and on reasonability of antibiotics use at common cold.
What are penicillins? Everyone knows about them. These are penicillin itself and its modern derivatives: augmentin, amoxicillin, as well as ampicillin, oxacillin and other antibiotics which names usually end with -cillin. These antibiotics are similar in their mechanism of action.
They differ in price, pharmaceutical form (syrup, pills, vials for injection), spectrum of action (some penicillins are better against streptococci, others – against staphylococci), but principle of their action is the same – they all affect bacteria, but they are useless against viruses.
What Antibiotics Consist of?
It is believed that Fleming discovered penicillin in 1928, when he found out that substance secreted by mold fungi affect staphylococci, killing them. In 1940s widespread production of this substance began, which was called by the name of fungus – penicillin. But some archaeologists have found evidence that in 15th century South American Indians used the same substance for treating their compatriots. So the real penicillin creator can be considered that mold fungus. This fungus existed long before us.
How Antibiotics Work?
Penicillin is a chemical compound which is capable of disrupting bacterial wall synthesis during their reproduction period. The trick is, that human cells have no walls. They have a modest cell membrane. Therefore, of course, theoretically, penicillins are not dangerous for people.
What Penicillins can Do?
They can help to overcome streptococcal or staphylococcal infection. Doctors prescribe Canadian Pharmacy antibiotics (read more) of penicillin group to adults and children with tonsillitis, otitis, bronchitis, sinusitis. Also, penicillin is very «dangerous» for meningococcus – starting with runny nose, and ending in intensive care unit – of course, if it is not treated in proper time.
Antibiotics Canada healthcare of penicillin group are called «first-line drugs», which means drugs that are recommended to be administered in first of all, when there is a preliminary diagnosis. If after three days patient does not feel better, penicillins are replaced by second-line antibiotics – tetracyclines, erythromycins and others. It is done because there is usually no time to wait for exact laboratory tests results, including bacterial cultivation. Moreover, modern penicillins have a broad spectrum of action and there is a high probability that they will help in this case.
In addition, penicillins have interesting property: entering blood, they may accumulate in lungs and mucous membranes. Yes, it is where infections usually develop. That is why doctors prescribe Canadian Pharmacy antibiotics of this group most often if there is an acute respiratory tract infection. Penicillin is excreted with urine, so if there is an infection in kidneys, then it will also be destroyed.
It is believed that Canadian Augmentin has to be taken 5 – 7 days for guaranteed result.
However, there are people who do not like taking antibiotics, especially parents. Why?
It’s very simple – antibiotics side effects.
Penicillins Side Effects
- Diarrhea, vomiting or sickness – typically caused by a simple antibiotic irritant action on intestine and stomach mucous membrane. They usually completely disappear after drug withdrawal. But you should inform your doctor necessarily about this, as this may be a new symptom. Your doctor may replace this antibiotic by another one, or may you will have to be patient and continue further treatment.
- Allergy – penicillin and its more modern counterparts are well-known allergens. To allergy manifestations refer rash, edema, joint pains and fever. Here you need to understand what caused all these reactions – allergy to penicillin or another infection. Joint pains may be caused by allergy or intoxication – penicillin kills germs, but toxins they contain, get into bloodstream and cause increased symptoms.What to do? Consult your doctor, only he will be able to correctly identify health deterioration cause. Until your visit, you can take anti-allergic agent, if not contraindocated.
- Dysbacteriosis. This is complication of antibiotics therapy that causes greatest fear among parents. But if you choose between dysbacteriosis and pneumonia or otitis risk, it is better to choose dysbacteriosis. It is much less dangerous, and you can deal with it after pneumonia treatment. It must be mentioned that dysbacteriosis occurs at long-term, massive antibiotic treatment. And the younger the child, for example, the easier it develops. During first months of life, during intestinal microflora settlement period, dysbacteriosis can be caused even by a very short antibiotics course. And if your child is already 5 years old, then 5-day course of antibiotics can not be harmless.
When are Penicillins Useless?
People fight with bacteria for over 70 years. And they still survived and learned to resist antibiotics. Such bacteria are called antibiotic-resistant, which are found mostly in hospitals (e. g., pneumonia that occurred in hospital even has its own name – hospital pneumonia). If you caught hospital-acquired infections, you will have to fight with it hard.
But in general, even at most common infections, such as cold, all antibiotics are often powerless.
It’s simple, as most of infectious diseases of upper and lower respiratory tract (95% to be precise) are usually caused not by bacteria, but by viruses. And they are completely indifferent to all antibiotics – because they do not have a cell wall, and cells are absent at all. And there are some bacteria that also have no cell walls, and they are also resistant to penicillin. An example of viral diseases: A.R.V.I. and influenza.
What to do?
Indications for penicillin and its derivatives – augmentin and others – are simple. It is purulent infection with well-known location, i. e., at a particular area. These are pneumonia, acute sinusitis, otitis and purulent tonsillitis.
In medicine there is a well-known among medicals concept – empirical treatment. This is when treatment is prescribed without analyzes. This is done when there is a danger that people caught something very dangerous and every hour counts. In such situations there is no time to talk. It is necessary to do something.
It is important to remember! My Canadian Pharmacy antibiotics are not applied at cold, but only at bacterial infections. It is best not to self-medicate, but seek for qualified help.